The island of Dominica sits midway along the Eastern Caribbean archipelago, just a few miles south of Martinique with Guadeloupe to the north. Its official name is the Commonwealth of Dominica, which is mostly referenced in official communiqués, and to distinguish it from its northerly Caribbean sister, the Dominican Republic.
Known as “The Nature Island,” Dominica’s tropical rainforests cover two-thirds of the Island, and are home to 1,200 plant species. Rivers, lakes, streams, and waterfalls abound, fed by the island’s high mountains’ annual rainfall. Its volcanic physique points to extensive geothermal activity – even underwater.
The Morne Trois Pitons’ National Park was the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Eastern Caribbean.
The Island is sparsely populated with 70,000 people inhabiting its 289 square miles, of which a significant portion lives in and around the capital city of Roseau. About 80% of the population is Roman Catholic. English is the official language spoken with a melodic French lilt, but a large portion of the population speaks Kwèyòl (Creole), and a few northern villages speak Kokoy.